Міністерство аграрної політики та продовольства України Мирогощанський аграрний коледж завдання для самостійної підготовки студентів заочного відділення з навчальної дисципліни



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Дата конвертації08.07.2018
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  • План

План:


1. Alkoholism.

2. Help.
Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.

Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1.Read the text:

Drinking: Alcoholism



For many people, the facts about alcoholism are not clear. What is alcoholism, exactly? For most people, alcohol is a pleasant accompaniment to social activities. Moderate alcohol use - up to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women and older people is not harmful for most adults. Nonetheless, a substantial number of people have serious trouble with their drinking.

Currently, nearly 30 million Russians - abuse alcohol or are alcoholic. Several million more adults engage in risky drinking patterns that could lead to alcohol problems.

The consequences of alcohol misuse are serious-in many cases, life-threatening. Heavy drinking can increase the risk for certain cancers, especially those of the liver, esophagus, throat, and larynx (voice box). It can also cause liver cirrhosis, immune system problems, brain damage, and harm to the fetus during pregnancy. In addition, drinking increases the risk of death from automobile crashes, recreational accidents, and on-the-job accidAents and also increases the likelihood of homicide and suicide.

Acknowledging that help is needed for an alcohol problem may not be easy. But keep in mind that the sooner a person gets help, the better are his or her chances for a successful recovery. Any reluctance you may feel about discussing your drinking with your health care professional may stem from common misconceptions about alcoholism and alcoholic people. In our society, the myth prevails that an alcohol problem is somehow a sign of moral weakness. As a result, you may feel that to seek help is to admit some type of shameful defect in yourself. In fact, however, alcoholism is a disease that is no more a sign of weakness than is asthma or diabetes. Moreover, taking steps to identify a possible drinking problem has an enormous payoff - a chance for a healthier, more rewarding life.

When you visit your health care provider, he or she will ask you a number of questions about your alcohol use to determine whether you are experiencing problems related to your drinking. Try to answer these questions as fully and honestly as you can. You also will be given a physical examination. If your health care professional concludes that you may be dependent on alcohol, he or she may recommend that you see a specalist in diagnosing and treating alcoholism.

While alcoholism is a treatable disease, a cure is not yet available. That means that even if an alcoholic has been sober for a long while and has regained health, he or she remains susceptible to relapse and must continue to avoid all alcoholic beverages. "Cutting down" on drinking doesn't work; cutting out alcohol is necessary for a successful recovery.



2.Write down and learn all unknown words.

3. Think of the headlines for all the parts of the text.

4. Open the brackets using the correct form of the infinitive:

1. They seemed (to quarrel): I could hear angry voices from behind the door.


2. They are supposed (to work) at the problem for the last two months.
3. The only sound (to hear) was the snoring of grandfather in the bedroom.
4. Her ring was believed (to lose) until she happened (to find) it during the general cleaning. It turned out (to drop) between the sofa and the wall.
5. They seemed (to wait) for ages.
6. I hate (to bother) you, but the students are still waiting (to give) books for their work.
7. He seized every opportunity (to appear) in public: he was so anxious (to talk) about.
8. Is there anything else (to tell) her? I believe she deserves (to know) the state of her sick brother.
9. He began writing books not because he wanted (to earn) a living. He wanted (to read) and not (to forget).
10. I consider myself lucky (to be) to that famous exhibition and (to see) so many wonderful paintings.
11. He seems (to know) French very well: he is said (to spend) his youth in Paris.
12. The enemy army was reported (to overthrow) the defence lines and (to advance) towards the suburbs of the city. 13. The woman pretended (to read) and (not to hear) the bell.
14. You seem (to look) for trouble.
15. It seemed (to snow) heavily since early morning: the ground was covered with a deep layer of snow.

 

Питання для самоконтролю:




Using the text tell: What is alcoholism, exactly?

Тема: The Health Care System

План:


1. The heals care system.

2. Insurance.


Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1.Read the text:

The Health Care System

Healthcare in the UK is free to all citizens, registered long-term residents and members of the armed services who are serving abroad. It is one of the few countries, which provides a free walk in system of healthcare with very few supplementary charges.


The National Health Service (NHS) 
The NHS is in charge of healthcare in the UK. The Department of Health centrally governs the NHS. Originally it consisted of one national organisation, which covered the whole of the country, but more recently, it has been decentralised into four independent organisations; one for each of the countries, which make up the United Kingdom. Each service has its own legislation, but each service will treat the needs of citizens from other parts of the UK.
Care trusts in charge of treatment policies, vaccination programmes and healthcare budgets run the NHS service.
The NHS is a free service to all residents of the UK, including members of the armed forces who are working abroad. British citizens who reside outside of the UK are subject to charges regardless of whether they have paid National Insurance contributions. The service is financed from mandatory national insurance taxation paid by employees directly from their salaries and supplemented by an obligatory contribution form employers. Self-employed persons have to pay the full contribution themselves. The onus is on the employer to deduct contributions from its employee’s wages. Dependant family members and vulnerable groups like the unemployed are exempt from contributions.
Private Healthcare
The UK has a relatively strong private healthcare sector, which is funded largely by private insurance contributions, but it is used only by a limited percentage of people, often as a top up to the basic state healthcare.
Private hospitals are owned by private companies. Contributions to private funds vary from person to person and are dependant on age, general health, and the existence of previously diagnosed diseases and the level of care required by each subscriber. Many companies offer their employees and their dependants’ private health insurance as a benefit of the job. BUPA and Nuffield Hospitals are the leading private hospital operators in the UK.
There are many incidences when private patients will be treated in an NHS hospital because the private hospital lacks the specialist equipment. In these cases, the private patient is given their own room and is treated before NHS patients. Emergency patients supersede all patients both private and NHS.
General Practitioners (GP's)
General practitioners provides basic general healthcare and are the first point of contact with the UK health system. GPs operate in practices, which consist of several other practitioners. They employ clerical staff to handle the daily running of the practice and nurses to deal with routine vaccination, health education, preventative care and maternity. Citizens are free to register with the GP of their choice. If you need to consult a doctor, you have to make an appointment at his practice or if you need urgent attention, you can call him to your home, attend the surgery on a speculative basis or visit your nearest emergency department.

GP's prescribe drugs, treat acute and chronic illnesses, and provide preventive care and health education. Some GP's also care for hospitalised patients, conduct minor surgery and obstetrics.


Organisation of the NHS

2.Write down and learn all unknown words.

3. Think of the headlines for all the parts of the text.

4. Open the brackets using the correct form of the infinitive:

1. He seems (to read) a lot.


2. He seems (to read) now.
3. He seems (to read) since morning.
4. He seems (to read) all the books in the library.
5. We expect (to be) back in two days.
6. He expected (to help) by the teacher.
7. The children seem (to play) since morning.
8. I am glad (to do) all the homework yesterday.
9. She seems (to work) at this problem ever since she came here.
10. I am sorry (to break) your pen.
11. I want (to take) you to the concert.
12. I want (to take) to the concert by my father.
13. She hoped (to help) her friends.
14. She hoped (to help) by her friends.
15. I hope (to see) you soon.

 

Питання для самоконтролю:



Using the text tell about the heals care system ?

Тема: Dangers of smoking.

План:

1. Dangers of smoking.

2. Help.
Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1.Learn the following words:

health — здоровье


half — половина, одна вторая
quarter — четверть, четвертая часть
on the average — в среднем
to refrain — воздерживаться
inhabitant — житель
to breathe — дышать
to contaminate — пачкать, загрязнять
wastes — отбросы, отходы
exhaust gas — отработавший (выхлопной) газ
harmful — вредный, пагубный, губительный; тлетворный (to)
to subject — подвергать (воздействию, влиянию и т. п.; to)
according to — в соответствии с, согласно, по
rate — пропорция, отношение; коэффициент; степень; процент, доля
heavy engineering — тяжелое машиностроение
mining — угольный
harm — вред; убыток, урон, ущерб (in; to)
to emphasize — придавать особое значение; подчеркивать; акцентировать
in particular — в особенности, в частности
to affect — подвергать физическому воздействию, давлению; приносить вред, наносить ущерб
pregnancy — беременность
cripple — инвалид
abnormal — ненормальный, неправильный; анормальный; отклоняющийся от нормы
evidence — доказательство* подтверждение; свидетельство
exposure — подвергание какому-л. воздействию
dangerous — опасный; рискованный
incontrovertible — бесспорный, неопровержимый, неоспоримый, непререкаемый, несомненный
secondhand smoke — пассивное курение
to increase — возрастать, увеличивать(ся); расти; усиливаться)
to contract — мед. заразиться, заболеть
lung cancer — рак легких
heart disease — сердечное заболевание; порок сердца
degree — степень, уровень
to depend — зависеть, находиться в зависимости (от кого-л./ чего-л. — on, upon)
extent — пространство, протяжение, расстояние, протяжен¬ность
duration — длина, длительность, продолжительность
to estimate — оценивать; приблизительно подсчитывать
to cause — послужить причиной/поводом для чего-л.; мотивировать что-л.
premature death — безвременная смерть
to take measures — принимать меры
to reduce — ослаблять, понижать, сокращать, уменьшать
awareness — осведомленность, информированность
to launch — запускать, начинать (что-л., какие-л. действия)
throughout the world — по всему миру
censure — неодобрение, осуждение, порицание
decrease — уменьшение, убывание, понижение; убавление; снижение, сокращение, спад
campaign — кампания
to beat (прош. вр. — beat; прич. прош. вр. — beaten) — побеждать, побивать
to acquire — получать, приобретать
purposeful — целеустремленный; имеющий намерение; целенаправленный
legislative — законодательный
to work out — разрабатывать (план); составлять (документ)
to forbid (прош. вр. — forbad, forbade; прич. прош. вр. — forbidden) — запрещать; не позволять
to include — заключать, включать в себя, содержать в себе
to prohibit — запрещать
brand — Торговая марка, бренд
railway — железная дорога; железнодорожный путь
civil aviation — гражданская авиация
merchant marine — торговый флот
to implement — выполнять, осуществлять; обеспечивать выполнение, приводить в исполнение
to restrict — ограничивать

 

2.Read the text:


The Problem of Smoking

Smoking is the best way to bad health. Today half the men and a quarter of the women in the world smoke on the average.

Some people think that there is not much sense in refraining from smoking, since the inhabitants of many cities and even villages breathe air contaminated with industrial and automobile wastes. They are very wrong. Vehicle exhaust gases are harmful in themselves, but a smoking driver is subjected to something far more dangerous.

Take another example: according to WHO (World Health Organisation) figures, the sick rate is higher among smoking workers of the heavy engineering, chemical, ceramic, mining, building, cement and rubber industries.

The harm of tobacco smoke on women should be especially emphasized. In particular, smoking may affect the course of pregnancy. Smoking women may bring into the world crippled or abnormal children.

The evidence that exposure to other people's smoke is dangerous to health is now incontrovertible. The exposure to secondhand smoke is a serious health risk to non-smokers, increasing their chance of contracting lung cancer and heart disease. The degree of risk depends on the extent and duration of exposure. Particularly there is a high risk among workers in the hospitality industries (bar staff, casino workers and other employees in workplaces where smoking is routine). It is estimated that secondhand smoke causes one premature death a week.

In the past few years some measures have been taken to reduce smoking. There has been a growing awareness of the dangers of smoking throughout the world. The anti-smoking campaigns launched in a number of countries have brought about extensive public censure of this harmful habit and a decrease in the number of smokers among some groups of the population.

In our country the campaign to beat the cigarette habit has acquired a purposeful nature. Special legislative, medical and educational measures are being worked out.

Instructions forbid smoking among schoolchildren. Lessons on the harm of smoking have been included in courses of the anatomy, physiology and hygiene, the sale of cigarettes to minors is prohibited. Warnings against the harm of smoking are printed on packets of cigarette brands.

The ministries of railways, civil aviation, merchant marine and culture have worked out and now implement measures for regulating, limiting and restricting smoking in long-distance and suburban trains, planes, on sea vessels, in theatres, clubs, etc.



3. Think of the headlines for all the parts of the text.

4. Open the brackets using the correct form of the infinitive:

1. He seems (to read) a lot.


2. He seems (to read) now.
3. He seems (to read) since morning.
4. He seems (to read) all the books in the library.
5. We expect (to be) back in two days.
6. He expected (to help) by the teacher.
7. The children seem (to play) since morning.
8. I am glad (to do) all the homework yesterday.
9. She seems (to work) at this problem ever since she came here.
10. I am sorry (to break) your pen.
11. I want (to take) you to the concert.
12. I want (to take) to the concert by my father.
13. She hoped (to help) her friends.
14. She hoped (to help) by her friends.
15. I hope (to see) you soon.

 
Питання для самоконтролю:


1. How many people do smoke in the world today?
2. Why do people think that there is not much sense in refraining from smoking?
3. Why are they wrong?
4. What are the industries where the sick rate among smoking workers is higher?
5. How may smoking affect the course of pregnancy?
6. Why is the exposure to secondhand smoke a serious health risk to non-smokers?
7. What does the degree of risk depend on?
8. Where is risk among workers exposed to secondhand smoking particularly high?
9. What measures have been taken to reduce smoking in the past few years?
10. What has been done to prevent smoking among schoolchildren?

Тема: Sport in Our Life.
План: 1. Sport. 2. Good fit.

Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1.Learn the following words:

fit — в хорошей форме 


on personal initiative — по личной инициативе 
to pay attention to — обращать внимание на 
kindergarten — детский сад 
compulsory — обязательный 
to enjoy popularity — пользоваться популярностью 
mobility — мобильность 
distance — расстояние
2.Read and translate the text:
People all over the world are fond of sports and games.

Sport makes people healthy, keeps them fit, more organized and better disciplined.

It unites people of different classes and nationalities. Many people do sports on their personal initiative. They go in for skiing, skating, table tennis, swimming, volley-ball, football, body-building, etc.

All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport grounds, swimming pools, skating rinks, skiing stations, football fields.

Sport is paid much attention to in our educational establishments. Gymnastics is a part of children's daily activities in the kindergartens. Physical culture is ч compulsory subject at schools and colleges.

Professional sport is also paid much attention to in our country. In city, where I live, there are different sporting societies, clubs and complexes.

Practically all kinds of sports are popular in our country, but football, gymnastics and tennis enjoy the greatest popularity. As for me, I go in for table tennis (ping-pong). It needs mobility, liveliness and much energy. It keeps a person in a good form. I have been playing tennis for five years, but the more I play, the more I like it. I get a real joy taking part in competitions or simply playing with my friends. Sometimes, I go to tennis courts.

Certainly, there's a great distance between my manner of playing and such favourites as Jim Courier, Stephan Edberg, Pete Sampras, Boris Becker, Per Korda, but I do my training with great pleasure and hope to play as well as our best players do. 



4. Change the color parts to the infinitive sentences:

 

1. It is certain that it will rain if you don't take your umbrella.


2. Don't promise that you will do it, if you are not sure that you can.
3. He was happy that he was praised by everybody.
4. He was very proud that he had helped his elder brother.
5. She was sorry that she had missed the beginning of the concert.
6. I am glad that I see all my friends here.
7. I was afraid of going past that place alone.
8. My sister will be thrilled when she is wearing a dress as lovely as that.
9. We must wait till we hear the examination results.
10. She is happy that she has found such a nice place to live in.
11. I should be delighted if I could join you.
12. He hopes that he will know everything by tomorrow.

 


Питання для самоконтролю:

Answer the question.
1. Why are people all over the world fond of sports and games? 
2. What necessary facilities are provided for people? 
3. What kinds of sports are popular in our country? 
4. What is your favourite kind of sport? Why?

Тема: Sport inUkraine and Great Britain.
План: 1. Sport in Ukraine . 2. Sport in Great Britain.

Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1.Learn the following words:

sport-lover — любитель спорта


to take the origin — происходить
cricket — крикет
rugby — регби
squash — сквош
snooker — снукер (вид игры на бильярде)
to invent — изобретать
soccer — футбол
medieval times — Средние века
separate — отдельный
to compete — соревноваться
tournament — турнир
to be fond of — любить
to hold — проводить
opportunity — возможность
according to — в соответствии с
achievement — достижение
field — поле
goal post — ворота
violent — жёсткий, суровый
requirement — требование
helmet — шлем
padding — защитная накладка
uniform — форма одежды
spectator — зритель
patient — терпеливый 
pitch — поле
wicket — ворота («калитка») 
to be associated with — ассоциироваться с 
new-mown grass — свежескошенная трава
willow — ива
dress code — форма одежды 
absence — отсутствие
sponsor advertising — спонсорская реклама 
court — теннисный корт
business community — бизнес сообщество
to establish good business relations — установить хорошие деловые отношения 
equipment — оборудование, снаряжение
entrance — вход
to afford — позволять
to knock — закатывать 
horseracing — скачки 
croquet — крокет 
running — бег
cycling — велогонки 
rowing — гребля
2.Read and translate the text:
Most people in Great Britain are real sport-lovers. Even if they don't go in for sport, they like to talk about it. Perhaps, you didn't know, but many kinds of sport have taken the origin in Great Britain. Cricket, football, rugby, tennis, table tennis, badminton, squash, canoeing and snooker were invented in Britain.

Britain's national sport is football or soccer. It was played there as far back as medieval times. Nowadays it has become the most popular game all over the world. There is no national football team in Great Britain. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their separate football clubs, which compete in European and World Cup matches.

English football fans are fond of most exciting games which are held between teams from the same city. For example, between Manchester United and Manchester City, Arsenal and Chelsea from London.

There are plenty of amateur association football clubs. Many schools form their own football teams, offering students an opportunity of entering prestigious universities according to their sport achievements.

There is a certain type of football called rugby. The game is called so because it was originated at Rugby — a well-known English public school. As well as common football it is a game played by two teams of fifteen players each. The game takes place on a field 100 metres long and 80 metres wide. There are goal posts at both ends of the field. Rugby is played with an oval or egg-shaped ball which can be carried by hands and kicked. The ball is passed from hand to hand in order to be thrown across the goal line. It is a rather violent game, that is why the players must be big and strong. Another requirement for the players is to wear helmets, masks and chest and shoulder padding.

Cricket is a popular summer sport in Britain. There are many cricket clubs in the country. Cricket players wear a certain uniform — white boots, a white T-shirt and white trousers. One cricket game takes a terribly long time. There are two teams of 11 players each and test matches between national teams can last up to 5 days. The spectators have to be very patient. The game is played on a pitch with a wicket at each end. The rules of the game have changed over the years. It is a game which is associated with long sunny summer afternoons, the smell of new-mown grass and the sound of leather ball beating the willow cricket bat. Cricket is more popular among men, but it is also played by women and girls.

Tennis is another favourite sport of the Englishmen. People all over the world know Wimbledon which is the centre of lawn tennis. It is the oldest tennis tournament in the world considered by many people to be the most prestigious. It takes place over two weeks in late June and early July. Wimbledon is known for its traditions — strict white dress code for competitors, the absence of sponsor advertising around the courts and some others. Every tennis player dreams of taking part at this tournament.

Golf is a game of business community. In Great Britain it is very common to establish good business relations playing golf. The equipment for this game is quite expensive as well as the entrance to a prestigious golf club, so not everyone can afford it. Golf is a ball and golf stick game played on a natural field. In this game one has to knock a ball into a hole.

There are a lot of other popular sports in Great Britain, for example, horseracing, croquet, swimming, running, cycling and rowing.
4.Using the text tell about popular sport arts in Ukraine.
5. Translate the sentences.

1. Грати в шахи було його найбільшим задоволенням.


2. Дитина не любила, коли її мили.
3. Чи не правда, це природно, що ми любимо, коли нас хвалять, і не любимо, коли нас лають?
4. Що більш приємно: робити подарунки або отримувати їх?
5. У природи є багато секретів, які мають бути відкритими.
6. Щоб поліпшити ваше вимову, вам слід записувати й аналізувати вашу мову.
7. Це книга, яку треба прочитати під час літніх канікул.
8. Проходити навчання у такого хорошого фахівця було великою перевагою.
9. Він дуже забудькуватий, але не любить, коли йому нагадують про його обов'язки.


Питання для самоконтролю:

Answer the question.

1. The Englishmen love sports, don't they?


2. Which sport do you associate with Britain? Why?
3. What sports have taken the origin in Britain?
4. Do you know any English football clubs?
5. What is rugby?
6. What equipment do you need to play rugby?
7 Cricket is a popular winter sport in England, isn't it?
8. Have you learnt any interesting information about cricket?
9. Why does every tennis player dream of taking part at Wimbledon?
10. Do you think golf is an exciting game?

Тема: Departments stores. Commercial goods.

План: 1. Departments stores . 2. Commercical goods.

Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1.Learn the following words:

variety — разнообразие


grocer's — бакалейный магазин
florist's — цветочный магазин
stationer's — канцелярский магазин
corner shop — ларёк
jewellery — ювелирные изделия
to be located — быть расположенным
supermarket — универсам
to appeal — нравиться
advantage — преимущество
disadvantage — недостаток
to lack for — не хватать
to display — выставлять
refrigerator — холодильник
self-service — самообслуживание
shop-assistant — продавец, продавщица
customer — покупатель
household goods — товары для дома
electrical goods — электротехника
perfumery — парфюмерия
department — отдел
discount — скидка
cashier's desk — касса
to pay in cash — платить наличными
to pay by a credit card — платить банковской картой
department store — универмаг
widespread — распространённый
celebrity — знаменитость
profit — доход, прибыль
quality — качество
chain store — сетевой магазин
branch — филиал
to be specialized in — специализироваться на
enormous — огромный
similar — похожий
preference — предпочтение
integral part — неотъемлемая часть

2.Read and translate the text:
Do you like shopping? It is well known that many people do like, especially women. In any case we often just have to do it, when we need some foodstuffs, for example.

There is a great variety of shops in the world: dairy, baker's, grocer's, fishmonger's, greengrocer's, butcher's, sweet shop, florist's, stationer's, footwear, children's wear, jewellery and so on.

Different people do shopping in different ways. Do you prefer shopping in small corner shops which are usually located in your neighbourhood or in big supermarkets? Undoubtedly, there are certain advantages and disadvantages in both variants. Your choice usually depends on what you need to buy. If you lack something like bread or milk, it is worth going to the nearest corner shop, for that will take you about 10 minutes. However, if your fridge is empty and there is not a slice of bread in your breadbasket, you'd better go to a supermarket. There you'll find all sorts of foodstuffs — meat and poultry, cheese and sausage, frozen food, drinks, sweets, fruit and vegetables, grocery, bakery and dairy products. In such shops people usually take a shopping basket or a trolley and walk among the rows where all items are displayed on the shelves or kept in refrigerators. If it is not a self-service shop, and most small shops are not, the shop-assistant helps the customer to find what he or she needs. In supermarkets you can buy not only foodstuffs but also stationary, clothes, household goods, some electrical goods, perfumery, newspapers and magazines. They sell various goods under one roof and, undoubtedly, this is very convenient. You can walk from one department to another looking about, finding out the price and if there is any discount and in the end you come to cashier's desk where you pay for all your purchases in cash or by a credit card.

Big department stores are very widespread in Great Britain. The most famous department stores in the UK are Harrods (one of the largest and the most expensive), House of Fraser, Marks and Spencer and Debenhams.

Marks & Spencer attracts a great variety of customers from housewives to millionaires. Such celebrities as Princess Diana, Dustin Hoffman and the British Prime-minister David Cameron are just a few of its famous customers. It makes a profit of more than 10 million pounds a week. The store has a brilliant reputation due to a high quality of its goods. It sells not only food and clothes, but also flowers and furniture. Marks & Spencer is a chain store which has over 700 branches all over the world.
Besides huge department stores, there are many cheap street markets in Great Britain. Most of them sell various goods: food, jewellery, clothes, electronics and household goods. Some of them are specialized in particular items: pet products, books, antique furniture and garden stuff.

British people are fond of out-of-town shopping. Some of them have a special shopping day once a week when the whole family takes a car and goes to an enormous shopping complex out-of-town, which is also called "superstore". The prices in such shops are pretty low and the choice of items is various. In these complexes you can find one or more supermarkets, chain-stores, some smaller shops, a lot of cafes, end even a multi-screen cinema. One of such stores is IKEA. You are sure to know we have similar shops in Russia, which are called "Mega".

Talking about shopping preferences of Russian people, it is worth saying that many of them like to go abroad in order to buy cheap good quality things. Those who live in St. Petersburg have an opportunity to do their shopping in Finland, as the country is situated nearby. It takes only about 4 hours to get to such towns as Helsinki, Imatra, Hamina or Lappeenranta. Each of them has huge shopping centers where you can find such well-known shops as H&M, Aleksi, Vero Moda, Lindex, Luhta, Kappahl, Zara, Mango, Vendi, Vogue, Stockmann and so on. Moreover, twice a season there is a time of crazy discounts of 50 to 70 per cent.

Shopping is an integral part of our life. Nowadays it has become not only a necessity but also a pleasure for many people.


3. Complete the following sentences using gerunds.

1. (Be) free and alone is a good thing if you are tired of big cities.

2. (Find) you here was a quite a surprise.

3. If this is what you intend (ask) me, stop (waste) your time.

4. They kept on (talk) though the band began (play).

5. Everyone enjoyed (swim) in the river.

6. My watch needs (repair).

7. He never mentioned (live) in Prague.

8. He does not seem to mind (air) the room.

9. Just imagine (go) there together!

10. Don't put of (do) it now. If you postpone (receive) a visa again, you will miss an excellent opportunity of (go)

there.


Питання для самоконтролю:
1. What kinds of shops do you know?
2. Where do you prefer to do shopping if you have a long shopping list and little money?
3. Do you like shopping? Why?
4. Have you ever bought anything abroad? Was it cheaper than in Russia?
5. Do you have a shopping day in your family?
6. Do you like to buy clothes, food or presents more? Why?
7. Are you fond of shopping out of town?
8. Have you ever been to Finland? What can you tell about shops of this country?
9. Do you usually do your shopping on your own or with a friend or parents?
10. Have you ever been cheated in a shop?


Тема: Departments stores. Food.

План:

1. Departments stores .

2. Food.
Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1.Learn the following words:

foodstuff — продукт питания

dairy — молочные продукты

baker's — булочная

fishmonger's — рыбный магазин
greengrocer's — овощной магазин
butcher's — мясной магазин

breadbasket — хлебница


poultry — домашняя птица
shopping basket — корзина для продуктов
trolley — тележка для продуктов

2. Read a poem.

A department store is big,
Shop assistants are so quick,
Many things are in the shop
From the bottom to the top:
Belts 
and handbags, leather gloves,
Stylish dresses, jeans and scarves,
Metal buttons, buckles, thread,
A panama and a hat,
Silver bracelets, golden rings
And a lot of hairpins.

3. Make up sentences to the underlined words.

4. Read and translated dialogue.

-Jim, I have forgotten our shop-list at home. Do you remember, what we were wrote there?

-Yes, I do. There were eggs, bacon, milk, tea, sausages, ice-cream and something more.

-Let’s call our sun, and he will tell us.

-Good idea. I’ll be looking, how much coast sausages, when you’ll be calling.

5. Make up sentences using gerunds.

1. Forgive (I, take up) so much of your time.

2. Do you mind (he, join) us?

3. Does he feel like (stay) here for another week?

4.1 appreciate (you, encourage) him when he failed in his experiment.

5. Do you know the reason for (he, feel) disappointed?

6. "It's no good (you, hate) it," he said becoming didactic.

7. Only the other day they had been talking about (something, happen),

8, She was listening hard all the time for any sound of (Jan, descend) the stairs.

9. He wishes he'd never told you the truth but it's no use (he, deny) it.

10. Cursing himself for (not learn) to drive a car he woke up Toni.

11. Of course, I should insist on (you, accept) the proper professional fee.

12. Bob was feeling rather unwell, and was not really looking forward to (we, visit) him.

13. My father thinks I am not capable of (earn) my own living.

14. He warned us that there was no point in (we, arrive) half an hour earlier.

15. They were talking about (she, give up) the job and (go) to live in the country.

 

Питання для самоконтролю:

Complit your own dialogue.

Тема: In the store. Dialogue with the seller.
План:

1. In the stor .

2. Dialogue with the seller.

Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

    1. Read and translate the dialogues:

1

-May I help you?

-I want to buy some toy for my sun, but I don’t know what to choose. Can you advise me something?

-Of course, how many years to your sun?

-He is eight.

2
Dan:Excuse me. 
Maria: Hello sir, may I help you? 
Dan: Yes. Can I see that shirt on the top shelf please? 
Maria:Sure. Here it is. 
Dan: How much does it cost? 
Maria: 50 dollars. 
Dan: 50 dollars. That's too much. 
Maria: How about this one? It's on sale for only 35 dollars. 
Dan: I don't like that one. 
Maria: How about the one next to the black gloves? It's very similar to the one you like. 
Dan: That's nice. How much is it? 
Maria: 30 dollars. 
Dan: That'll be fine. 
Maria: Is this color OK, or would you like a different color? 
Dan: That blue one's fine. 
Maria: Do you need any more of these shirts? 
Dan: Yes. 
Maria: How many do you want? 
Dan: I'll take two more, a red one and a white one.

3. Complit your own dialogue.

4.Translate the prowerbs and find Ukrainian equivalents.


      • If you are really hungry,whatever you eat tastes delicious;

      • A watched pot never boils;

      • Half a loaf is better than no bread;

      • There is no account for tastes;

      • Too many cooks spoil the broth;

      • Never fry a fish before it is caught;

      • An apple a day keeps the doctor away;

      • As hungry as a hunter.

5. Fill in the blanks with proper gerunds (use the verbs in the box).

Send   call   go   take   speak   find    accomplish   come   part   laugh   gamble   

explain  steal

Cheat   support    live    take    buy

1, He has succeeded in___a difficult task and we are proud of him.

2. You should ask him for help. It seems to me that he is very good at___everything.

3, Mr. Grimsby hasn't got enough experience. I am against___in our work and I object___to the conference.

4. The audience burst out___at the sight of the monkey going through different tricks.

5. Do you know he has given up___?

6.1 don't insist on ___there by plane.

7. Though nobody suspected him of___, his companions accused him of_______ them when he was responsible

for___goods for their company.

8. They are engaged in___new people for their firm. 9. Why do you persist in___him?

10. He is fed up with___alone. He is looking forward to his family___ in two days.

11. They prevented us from___rash steps.

12. She feels like___too much when she drinks a glass of champagne. 13. He decided against___her again.

 

Питання для самоконтролю:



Complit your own dialogue.

Тема: Names of dishes and drinks.
План:

1. Names of dishes .

2. Names of.

Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1. Learn the following words:

fresh food - свежие продукты

frozen food - замороженные продукты

cooked food - готовые к употреблению продукты

spicy food - острые, приправленные специями продукты

canned food - консервы

nutrition - питание

(home-made) biscuit - (домашнее) печенье

(brown/new/rye/stale/white) bread  -  (чёрный/ свежий/ржаной/чёрствый/белый) хлеб

bun (roll) - сдобная булочка

cake - торт, пирог, пирожное

flour -  мука

loaf (pl. loaves) of bread - буханка хлеба

macaroni, pasta - макаронные изделия

pie - пирог, пирожок

shortbread, shortcake - песочное пирожное

toast - подрумяненный хлеб, гренок

vermicelli - вермишель

barley  - ячмень

buck wheat - гречневая крупа

corn - кукуруза

cornflakes - кукурузные хлопья

grain -  зерно, хлебные злаки

maize - кукуруза, маис

millet  - просо, пшено

oats - овёс

pearl barley  -  перловая крупа

porridge -  овсяная каша

rice - рис

semolina  -  манная крупа

wheat -  пшеница

(fat/lean) bacon - (жирный/постный) бекон, копчёная грудинка

(raw) beef -  (сырая) говядина

cold boiled pork   -  буженина

fillet - филе, (о рыбе, мясе)

ham - ветчина

mutton (lamb)-  баранина

pork - свинина

veal -  телятина

 chicken -  цыпленок, курица

duck - утка

goose - гусь

rabbit - кролик

turkey - индейка

carp - карп

herring  - селёдка

lobster  - омар

perch - окунь

pike  - щука

salmon -  лосось, сёмга (амер. горбуша)

sardine - сардина

trout  - форель

sour cream - сметана

butter  -  (сливочное) масло

margarine  - маргарин

cheese - сыр

cottage cheese  - творог

fried eggs - яичница глазунья

hard-(soft) boiled egg  - яйцо вкрутую (всмятку)

omelette - омлет

scrambled eggs - яичница болтунья

beet - свекла

carrot - морковь

cucumber  - огурец

dill - укроп

garlic - чеснок

green peas - зелёный горох

mushroom - гриб

onion -лук репчатый

parsley - петрушка

pepper   -  перец

radish - редис

tomato - помидор 

apple  - яблоко

apricot - абрикос

banana - банан

cherry - вишня, черешня

grapes - виноград

hazelnut - лесной орех (фундук)

lemon -  лимон

orange - апельсин

peach -  персик

pine-apple - ананас

plum - слива

tangerine - мандарин

melon - дыня

strawberry - земляника, клубника

raspberry -  малина

walnut -  грецкий орех

watermelon -  арбуз

salt - соль

sugar - сахар

sunflower oil - подсолнечное масло

(dark, stout/ale, lager, light/bitter) beer  - (тёмное/светлое/горькое) пиво

cream tea - чай со сливками

brandy (cognac) - бренди (коньяк)

champagne - шампанское

cocoa - какао

(black/instant/strong/white) coffee  - (чёрный/растворимый/крепкий/с молоком) кофе

cocktail - коктейль

(soft/strong) drinks -  (безалкогольные/крепкие) напитки

spirits - спиртное, алкоголь

fruit juice - фруктовый сок

lemonade -  лимонад

(mineral/soda/spring) water -  (минеральная/газированная/родниковая) вода

whisky - виски

(dry/sweet/table) wine -  (сухое/сладкое/ столовое) вино

 bar of (milk/nut) chocolate  - плитка(молочного/ с орехами) шоколада

honey  - мёд

ice-cream - мороженое

broth  - бульон

chips (Brit.) - картофель фри, (Am.) чипсы

French fries (Am.) -  картофель фри

garnish - гарнир

gravy - подливка (из сока жаркого), соус

(cream) sauce - (белый) соус

soup-  суп

stewed fruit -  компот




  1. Read and translate the text.

My mother cooks for our family. She cooks breakfast, dinner and supper. For breakfast I like to eat sandwiches and tea or milk. I like to drink apple or orange juice. I also like to eat chicken and  potatoes. I like a salad with tomatoes and cucumbers. I eat fruit and vegetables. They are good for us.

3. Answer the question.

Who cooks in your family?

What do you like to eat for breakfast?

Do you like to drink juice?

Do you like fruit and vegetables?

4. Give a brief affirmative, a negative then a short answer question.

Example: Did she write the letter? — Yes, she did. (No, she didn't.)



  1. Did you run to school this morning?

  2. Did you swim in the ocean?

  3. Did you enjoy the film?

  4. Did you understand the exercise?

  5. Did your grandfather read this newspaper yesterday?

  6. Did your teacher see my brother last week?

  7. Did Max say that just for fun?

  8. Did his team win the last game?

  9. Did your friends return home late last night?


Питання для самоконтролю:

Complit your own telling about food.


Тема: UKRAINIAN CUISINE.

План:

1. Names of dishes .

2. Names of drinks.

Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1. Learn the following words:

diversity [daɪ'və:sɪtɪ] — різноманітність

flavour ['fleɪvə] — присмак, приправа

dish [dɪʃ] — страва

prune [pru:n] — чорнослив

dumplings fdʌmplɪŋz] — галушки

millet ['mɪlɪt] — просо, пшоно

chowder ['tʃaudə] — юшка зі свинини, овочів тощо

sauerkraut ['sauəkraut] — кисла капуста

blue-berry ['blu:bərɪ] — чорниці

cheese pancakes [tʃi:z 'pænkeɪks] — сирники

fritter ['frɪtə] — оладки

to fill [fɪl] by smth. — заповнювати (чим-небудь)

recipe ['resɪpɪ| — рецепт



2.Read and translate the text.

Ukrainian cuisine is closely linked to the customs, culture, and way of life of the Ukrainian people. It is famous for its diversityand flavours.

The most popular Ukrainian dish is borsch. This thick and delicious soup is prepared with a variety of ingredients including meat, mushrooms, beans, and even prunes.

Mushroom soups, bean and pea soups, soups with dumplings and thick millet chowders are also popular.

"Holubtsi", or stuffed cabbage, is another favourite dish, as are "varenyky" filled with potatoes, meat, cheese, sauerkraut or berries such as blue-berries or cherries. "Varenyky" are often mentioned in folk songs.

Ukrainians like dairy products. Some samples: cheese pancakes and "riazhanka" (fermented baked milk). There are no holidays without pies, "pampushky" (type of fritters), "baba" (a tall cylindrical cake) and honey cakes.

Ukrainian sausage is delicious. It is preserved in a special way — in porcelain vessels filled by melted fat.

Of course, every region of Ukraine has its own recipes and traditions.



  1. Translate into Ukrain.

Salo (salted pork fat with, or without garlic and pepper)

Borshch (cabbage and beets based soup, usually with pork or beef meat, served with sour-cream)

Pampushky (small baked breads, often buttered and topped with garlic and dill)

Holubtsi (cabbage rolls stuffed with rice and minced meat)

Varenyky (large stuffed dumplings, can be stuffed with potatoes, cottage cheese, curds, meat, berries, etc.)

Nalysnyky (very thin pancakes)

Syrnyky (fried cheese pancakes, usually served with sour cream, honey, or jam)

Kisto, tisto or rizanka (home-made spaghetti)

Holodets' or studen' (meat (beef, or pork) aspic, prepared with garlic, onion, bay leaf and black peppe


4. By following sentences warehouses question starting in parentheses words.


  1. Rita's new hairstyle will surprise our teacher, (whose, what, whom)

  2. Max will sing two songs at the concert, (who, how many, where)

  3. Nadia's father will help us this evening, (whose, whom, when)


Питання для самоконтролю:

1. What is Ukrainian cuisine famous for?

2. What is the most popular Ukrainian dish ?

3. What are the other popular Ukrainian dishes?

4. What products do Ukrainians like ?

5. What is your favourite Ukrainian dish ?

6. What Ukrainian dishes do you like to cook?

Тема: BRITAIN CUISINE.

План:

1. Names of dishes .

2. Names of drinks.
Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1. Learn the following words:

a bowl of cereals

ə ˈboʊl əv ˈsɪriːəlz

чаша зернових

a slice of toast

ə ˈslaɪs əv ˈtoʊst

скибочка тосту

orange juice

ˈɑrɪndʒ ˈdʒuːs

апельсиновий сік

a cup of coffee

ə ˈkəp əv ˈkɔfiː

чашка кави

porridge

ˈpɔrɪdʒ

каша

boiled oats

ˈbɔɪld ˈoʊts

вівсяний відвар

eggs

ˈegz

яйця

bacon

ˈbeɪkən

бекон

sausages

ˈsɔsɪdʒɪz

ковбаса

fried bread

ˈfraɪd ˈbred

смажений хліб

baked beans

ˈbeɪkt ˈbiːnz

тушкована квасоля

mushrooms

ˈməʃˌruːmz

гриби

'packed lunch'

ˈpækt ˈləntʃ

ланч

a sandwich

ə ˈsænwɪtʃ

бутерброд

a packet of crisps

ə ˈpækət əv ˈkrɪsps

пакет чіпсів

a piece of fruit

ə ˈpiːs əv ˈfruːt

пара фруктів

a drink

ə ˈdrɪŋk

напій

a plastic container

ə ˈplæstɪk kənˈteɪnər

пластиковий контейнер

prawn

ˈprɔn

креветки

prawn and mayonnaise

ˈprɔn ənd ˈmeɪəˌneɪz

креветки з майонезом

tuna and mayonnaise

ˈtuːnə ənd ˈmeɪəˌneɪz

тунець з майонезом

ham and pickle sandwiches

ˈhæm ənd ˈpɪkəl ˈsænˌwɪtʃɪz

бутерброди з шинкою та

a bowl of cereals

ə ˈboʊl əv ˈsɪriːəlz

маринадом (огірки)

a slice of toast

ə ˈslaɪs əv ˈtoʊst

чаша зернових

orange juice

ˈɑrɪndʒ ˈdʒuːs

скибочка тосту

a cup of coffee

ə ˈkəp əv ˈkɔfiː

апельсиновий сік

porridge

ˈpɔrɪdʒ

чашка кави

boiled oats

ˈbɔɪld ˈoʊts

каша


2. Read and translate the text.

What is a typical English Breakfast? It is a typical English breakfast is more likely to be a bowl /bəʊl/ of cereals, a slice of toast, orange juice and a cup of coffee. In the winter many people will eat "porridge" /ˈpɒr.ɪdʒ/ or boiled oats /əʊts/. The traditional English breakfast consists ofeggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, baked beans and mushrooms. Even though not many people will eat this for breakfast today, it is always served in hotels and guest houses around Britain. The traditional English breakfast is called the 'Full English' and sometimes referred to as 'The Full English Fry-up'.___________

Many children at school and adults at work will have a 'packed lunch'. This typically consists of a sandwich, a packet of crisps, a piece of fruit and a drink. The 'packed lunch' is kept in a plastic container. Sandwiches are also known as a 'butty' or 'sarnie' in some parts of the UK. My favourite sandwich is prawn and mayonnaise . (/prɔːn/, /ˌmeɪ.əˈneɪz/) I also love tuna and mayonnaise and ham and pickle sandwiches.

A typical British meal for dinner is "meat and two veg". We put hot brown gravy  on the meat and usually the vegetables. Vegetables grown in England, like potatoes, carrots, peas, cabbages and onions, are still very popular. The traditional meal is rarely eaten nowadays, apart from on Sundays.




3. Think of a title to each part of the text.
4. Read and translate the text.
Every country and every nation has its own customs and traditions. You cannot speak about England with-out speaking about its traditions and customs. Englishmen are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. The English are stay-at-home people. “There is no place like home”, they say. When they don’t work they like to spend their days off at home with their families. Englishmen are very fond of a fireplace, that’s why many of them prefer the open fire to central heating. They like to live in small houses with a small garden. People all over the world know the saying “The Englishman’s home is his castle”. They say that English people keep to their traditions even in meals. Porridge is the dish Englishmen are very fond of. Many of them eat porridge with milk and sugar for breakfast. As for the Scots, for example, they never put sugar in their porridge, they always put salt in it. By the way, breakfast time in England is between seven and nine. Then, between 12 and 2 there comes lunch time. In some English houses lunch is the biggest meal of the day — they have meat or fish, vegetables, fruit or pudding. In the afternoon, at tea-time the English like to have a cup of tea with milk. Some Englishmen have their dinner late in the evening. For dinner they have soup, fish or meat, vegetables, pudding or fruit. For supper they usually have a glass of milk and a cake or a cup of tea and a sandwich. The English are tea-drinkers. They have it many times a day. Some Englishmen have tea for break-fast, tea at lunch time, tea after dinner, tea at tea-time and tea with supper. Some English families have “high tea” or big tea and no supper. For high tea they may have cold meat, bread and butter, cakes, and, of course, a lot of tea. The Englishmen always drink tea out of cups, never out of glasses.


5. Give sentences with the same meaning omitting «if» from the conditional sentences:

1. If I had time, I should study French.


2. If he should come, tell him to wait.
3. If he were in town, he would help us.
4. If I had enough money, I would travel.
5. If I had seen him yesterday, I should have told him about it.
6. If you should find them, kindly let me know.
7. The accident might not have occured if they had been more careful.
8. If they had called at the office yesterday, they would have found me there.
9. If I were in his place, I should refuse.
10. If you had seen him, you wouldn’t have recognized him.
11. If I were you, I should go there immediately.
12. If anyone should call, please take a message.

Питання для самоконтролю:
1. What can you say about the English?

2. Where do the English like to spend their days off?

3. Where do they like to live?

4. What sayings do you know about the English?

5. Do they have traditions in meals?

Тема: Recipes for cooking.

План:

1.Dishes.

2. Recipes of dishes
Рекомендована література:

1. О. Ю. Волкова «171 найсучасніша розмовна тема з англійської мови», - Х.: «Torsing», 2003.

2. Е.В. Пінська «Business English», - К.: «Знання», 2006.

3. А.М. Ярошенко «Курс англійської мови», - Т.: 2003.



Після вивченої теми студент повинен вміти, знати:

1) лексику по даній темі;

2) читати, перекладати діалоги по темі;

3) складати власні діалоги по темі.


Методичні вказівки:

1. Read and translate recipes:


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